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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
How many times did Prophet Mohamed (saws) perform Umrah and why did He perform Hajj only once.
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It has been recorded that the Messenger of Allah (saws) performed a total of four Umrahs and one Hajj pilgrimage.
Umrah 1: 6th Hijri, after the Treaty of Hudaibiya. Although he was not allowed to visit the Kaaba by the polytheists of Makkah to perform Umrah, it is still counted as an Umrah. He came out of the Ehram, shaved his head, and sacrificed his ‘hadi’ (animal) and went back to Medina. The deal made with the polytheists, that he would return to Medina, and come back the next year for his Umrah.
Umrah 2: 7th Hijri, as per the Treaty of Hudaibiyah.
Umrah 3. 8th Hijri, after returning from the Battle of Hunain.
Umrah 4: 10th Hijri, along with the Hajj.
Your comment: Why did he (saws) perform the Hajj only once.
Until 8th Hijrah, Makkah was under the rule and control of his enemies, the Quraish; thus obviously he was not allowed to perform the Hajj. After the Muslims conquered Makkah in 8th Hijrah, the muslims had control over Makkah and thus the Kaabah. In the 9th year after Hijrah, Abu Bakr was made the ‘Ameer ul Hajj’ by Prophet Mohamed (saws), and later Ali ibn Abi Taalib (r.a.) was sent from Makkah to recite the newly revealed Surah Taubah, in which Allah declared that no ‘mushriks’ (polytheists) were hereby allowed to visit the Sacred House of Allah.
The next year 10th year after Hijrah, the Prophet (saws) himself performed the pilgrimage of Hajj, and this became famous as the ‘Hajja tun Wida’.
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