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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I had a question regarding the Kaaba. I had read a history of the kaaba and found out that it was broken down couple of time and rebuild. Is there any history of it in the Quran? Can you tell me what actually happend form any authentic narration. Why do we pray in its direction and can you give a short description of the black stone, as described in the quran.
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In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Ref: The History of the Kaabah in the Glorious Quran.
There are several verses in the Holy Quran regarding the Sacred House (the Kaabah) of Allah. This is the very first place of worship Allah had ordained for all of mankind, and it is reported in several authentic narrations that the first person to lay the foundation of this Sacred House of Allah was Prophet Adam. To write a complete history of the Kaabah from the Quran and authentic narrations and ‘riwaayahs’ would indeed require a full book! But we will try and give you an overview of this Sacred House, Insha Allah.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale-Imran verse 96: Undoubtedly, the first house of worship ever to be built for mankind is the one which is at Makkah. It was blessed and made a centre of guidance for all the peoples.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Al Baqarah verse 125: And remember that We made this House (The Kaabah) the centre and sanctuary for mankind and enjoined the people to dedicate to worship the place where Ibrahim used to stand for prayer, and We urged Ibrahim and Ismail to keep My House pure for those who would go around it, and for those who would retire to it for devotion and prayer, and for those who would bow down and prostrate themselves there in worship.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Al Baqarah verse 127: And remember that when Ibrahim and Ismael were raising the walls of this House (Kaabah), they prayed, “O our Lord, accept this service from us; You are indeed the All Hearing and the All Knowing.”
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 22 Surah Hajj verse 26: Recall to mind the time when We assigned the site of this House (the Kaabah) to Ibrahim, saying, “Do not associate anything as a partner with Me; keep My House clean and pure for those who go around it, and for those who stand and bow down and prostrate here (in worship).
It is true, that through the passage of time, the Kaabah was repaired and built several times. Some commentators say 11 times and some say upto 15 times; Allah Alone has perfect knowledge of everything. The Holy Quran only mentions that this was the very first house ever dedicated for the worship of Allah, and according to several narrations, it is reported that the foundations of this house were first laid by Prophet Adam (a.s.). Then Allah mentions the building of the Sacred House when He ordained Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) and his son Prophet Ismael(a.s.) to rebuild the Kaabah under His guidance, which they did.
Five years before the appointment of Prophethood, when the Messenger of Allah (saws) was about thirty-five years old, the Quraish of Makkah decided to rebuild the Kaabah. They could not raise enough funds from their ‘pure’ earnings to rebuild the complete Kaabah, so they left the semi-circular ‘hateem’ half-built, which is how it is kept upto this day, even after several rebuildings by the muslims over the years. After they built the cubicle Kaabah, the tribes of Quraish ran into a disagreement on who would have the honor of placing the Black Stone in its place. As Allah would have it willed, Mohamed ibn Abdulla (saws) was chosen and he (saws) placed the Black Stone in the Kaabah with his own hands.
After the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws) the Kaabah was rebuilt several times by the muslims, and general repairs are carried out even until today.
Your Comment: Why do we pray in its direction?
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 148: Everyone has a direction towards which he turns in Prayer. So try to excel one another in good works. Allah will find you wherever you may be, for nothing is out of Allah’s reach.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 144: We have seen you, (O Mohamed), turning your face over and over again towards the heaven! Now, therefore, We turn you towards the Qiblah that you like best. So turn your face towards the Masjid-e-Haraam! Henceforth, wheresoever you may be, turn your face at prayer towards it.
In the Holy Quran, Allah himself says that everyone has a direction towards which he turns to prayer, and the simple reason we pray in its direction is because the All Wise, All Knowing Allah, commanded the Messenger of Allah (saws) in the Holy Quran, and the Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded and taught the believers to pray in the direction of the Kaabah. And as in all our acts of worship in Islam, we have to follow exactly what was commanded by Allah and practiced by the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Your Comment: can you give a short description of the black stone, as described in the quran.
The Holy Quran does not mention the Black Stone and is silent about this issue. There are several narrations regarding the Black Stone which are authentically reported.
Narrated by Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas(r.a.) that Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "The black stone descended from Paradise whiter than milk, but the sins of the descendants of Adam made it black."
It is reported that this stone was sent by Allah to the earth, the Day Prophet Adam (a.s.) was sent to the earth. At the time of the building the Kaabah by Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) and his son, Prophet Ismael (a.s.) under the guidance of Allah, the Black Stone was placed in the exact same position where it lays today.
Although several modern commentators have tried to describe the stone, Allah Alone Knows Best about the true descriptions, details, significance and importance of this stone.
And Allah Alone Knows Best, and He is the Only Source of Strength.
May Allah guide you and us all to the Siraat al-Mustaqeem
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,