Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
i want to know about whether it is legal or not.please tell me about it.
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In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Adoption in Islam in legal provided that the laws and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws) are followed.
The child will always be called by the original father’s name.
The child will only inherit from his original blood relationship. He will not be eligible to inherit from his foster-parents.
If the foster-mother has nursed the adopted child, then she will not have to observe purdah from this child. But if the foster-mother has not nursed the adopted child, then she will have to observe purdah from this child.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzaab verses 4-5: …Allah has not made your adopted sons your real sons. These are the things which you utter from your mouths, but Allah says what is based on reality; and He Alone guides to the Right Way. Call your adopted sons after their father’s names; this is more just in the sight of Allah. And if you do not know who their fathers are, then they are your brothers in faith and your friends. There is no blame on you if you say something unintentionally; but you will surely be to blame for what you say with the intention of your hearts. Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) had himself adopted a son and he was known as Zayed ibn Mohamed for a long time. When the above aayah of Surah Ahzaab was revealed in Medina, he was called by his original father’s name and came to be recognized as Zayed ibn Haritha.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,