Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
eid mubarak, may allah shower his choicest blessings upon u n every muslim. do women perform eid namaaz??? if yes then how? pls tell in detail. did huzoor(SAW) sav fathiya on food after eid namaaz??? if yes then how?
sister in islam.
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Women in Eid prayers
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: do women perform eid namaaz??? if yes then how? pls tell in detail.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.147
The prayers of the two Eids was prescribed in the first year after the migration. The Messenger of Allah (saws) ordered the men and women to go out to attend them.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.148a
The Messenger of Allah (saws) guided women and children to go out and attend the two Eid prayers. This includes married, single, young, old, or menstruating women.
Umm 'Atiyah reports: "We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two Eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women would be separate from the others."
Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Ibn Abbas says that the Prophet (saws) would take his wives and daughters to the two 'ids.
Related by Ibn-Majah and al-Baihaqi.
Ibn 'Abbas reports: "I went out with the Prophet (saws) on the day of breaking the fast (Eidul-Fitr) or of the sacrifice (Eidul-Adha), and he (saws) prayed and gave a sermon, and then he (saws) went to the women and admonished them, reminded them of Allah, and ordered them to give charity."
Related by al-Bukhari.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) guided and commanded the believing men, women and children to attend the Eid prayers in congregation, including women who were married, single, young, or old, menstruating or non-menstruating. The non-menstruating women should offer the Eid prayers in congregation and listen to the sermon preceding it, while the menstruating women should abstain from offering the Eid prayer and only listen to the Eid sermon.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.150
The Eid prayer consists of two rak'at during which it is Sunnah to pronounce the ‘takbir’ (raising one’s hands above the shoulders and declaring aloud ‘Allah-o-Akbar) seven times, after the opening takbir and before the Qur'anic recital in the first rak'ah. During the second rak'ah, one makes takbir five times after the takbir which is customarily made for standing after the prostration. One is to raise one's hands during each pronouncement of the takbir. This is based on a report transmitted from Umar Al-Khattab (r.a.) and his son Abdullah ibn Umar (r.a.).
Amr ibn Shu'aib reports from his father on the authority of his grandfather that the Prophet (saws) would make twelve takbirat during the Eid prayer, seven in the first rak'ah and five in the second. This is related by Ahmad and Ibn Majah.
Abu Dawud and ad-Daraqutni relate that the Prophet (saws) said: "The takbirat during the Eid prayers are seven in the first rak'ah and five in the second, and the Qur'anic recital comes after them in both the rak'at."
Your Question: did huzoor(SAW) sav fathiya on food after eid namaaz??? if yes then how?
There is absolutely no evidence in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) regarding the declaration or recitation of the Surah Al-Fatihah on any food at any time whatsoever. Allah Subhanah Alone knows who, how, and why this innovation or ‘bida’ of reciting the ‘fatihah’ on food was started or followed.
Whenever the Messenger of Allah (saws) intended to consume any food or drink, he (saws) would make a supplication, declare ‘Bismillaah’ and consume the food or drink.
Amongst the supplications the Messenger of Allah (saws) would make and guided the believers to make before consuming any food or drink is:
Allah humma baarik lana feema razak tana, wa kena adhaab an-Naar. Bismillaah.
(O Allah, bless us in what You have provided for us and save us from the torment of the Hell-Fire. Bismillaah.)
The Messenger of Allah (saws) never ever recited the Surah Al-Fatihah when he (saws) intended to consume any food or drink.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,