Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
If your spouse murders someone or does something wrong, should you testify against again? or should you lie and defend them? to what extent can you defend your spouse?
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Witness false lie truth
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 135:
135 O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice as witnesses to Allah even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts) lest ye swerve and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
Allah and His Messenger (saws) have Guided and Commanded the believers who sincerely fear Allah and the Last Day to always stand firmly with the Truth and with Justice, regardless of whether their witness is against themselves, their parents, their wives, their children or their nearest and dearest ones.
Under no circumstances would it be deemed permissible for a believer who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day to lie, or give false witness, or defend something which is wrong or unjust…..regardless of whether the culprit who did wrong was himself, his wife, his parents, or his loved ones! He is duty bound by Islam as a believer to always speak the Truth, even if his giving witness incriminates himself or his loved ones.
Allah's Messenger (saws) said thrice, "Shall I not inform you of the biggest of the Great Sins?" We said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger (saws)" He (saws) said, "To join partners in worship with Allah; to be undutiful to one's parents." The Prophet (saws) then sat up after he had been reclining and added, "And I warn you against giving forged statement and a false witness; I warn you against giving a forged statement and a false witness." The Prophet (saws) kept on saying that warning till we thought that he would not stop!
The Prophet (saws) said, "The biggest of the Great Sins are: ‘To join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one's parents, and to give a false witness." He (saws) kept on repeating that warning till we wished he would stop saying it.
The Prophet (saws) was asked about the Greatest Sins. He (saws) said, "They are:--
(1 ) To join others in worship with Allah,
(2) To be undutiful to one's parents,
(3) To kill a person (murder)
(4) And to give a false witness."
Such is the abomination and gravity of the sin of giving false witness in Islam, that the Messenger of Allah (saws) listed it amongst the Absolute Greatest and Most Henious Sins in the Sight of Allah Subhanah!
Amongst all the declared Greatest Sins in Islam, giving false witness is ranked fourth after ‘shirk’, being undutiful to one’s parents, and murder!
If one intentionally lies, forges, or gives false witness to avert the course of justice in an effort to defend oneself, or one’s parents, or wife, or children, or one’s loved ones who have done wrong; Allah is our witness, he will brought forth as a criminal in the Majestic Presence of the Lord All-Knowing on that Inevitable Day of Judgment for his abomination of giving false witness and trying to avert the course of justice!
Your Questin: to what extent can you defend your spouse?
If one has witnessed and is absolutely convinced that the wrong was done by one’s own spouse (or loved one), the best way to defend them is to guide them to fear Allah Subhanah and The Last Day, confess to their wrong, seek sincere repentance from the Lord Most Gracious for their evil deed, and bear the punishment prescribed for that wrong in the life of this transient world, rather than be brought to account in the Just and Supreme Presence of the Majestic Lord on that Inevitable and Tumultuous Day of Judgment!
But under absolutely no circumstances would it be permissible for a believer who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day to lie, or forge, or give false witness in their effort to defend their loved one, and thus avert the course of justice! Such an act would indeed be an absolute monstrous crime in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,