Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Salam Alaikum Wa
I asked something to you and I got the following answer, Thank you very much. But still one thing is not clear that if there are some needy muslims and also non-muslims family around there, then is it permissible to give that interest amount to that muslim family as well as non-muslim family. Is it necessary to tell them that this money came from interest.
Please explain it.
Thanks & Best Regards
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Give interest money away
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:
O Believers!, Fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is still due to you, if you are true believers. But if you do not do so, then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!
It is not as if it is deemed permissible in Islam for one to continue taking interest as long as one spends it on charity; for Allah does not accept anything in His Cause unless and until it is pure and lawful.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 2214 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said: ‘O people, Allah is Good and He, therefore, accepts only that which is good and pure!’
Now the question arises what should one do with the interest money one has already accumulated in the past in ignorance of the Laws of Allah?
For the unlawful ‘interest’ money that one has accumulated in one’s past in ignorance of Allah’s Laws, the person has two choices:
Some scholars are of the opinion that it does not help the cause of the believers to leave the interest in conventional banks for at best it helps them to generate more interest, and at worst, they may dispose it to an institution which might work against the Cause. In cases where one has already accumulated interest money in ignorance of Islamic Law, and Allah Subhanah has guided them, and they now wish to dispose off that illegal money, the scholars are of the opinion that one may take this interest with the intention that he wants to rid himself of this evil thing, and give it away to some charity without seeking any reward from Allah Subhanah for this spending. His only intention should be get rid of this unwanted and illegal money, and thus purify himself from the evil of ‘riba’. The believer who does this only because he fears the accounting of Allah on an Inevitable Day, will, if Allah Wills, be rewarded for keeping himself pure from the evils of ‘riba’.
The spending of illegally and unlawfully earned wealth does not have any worth or weight in the Sight of Allah; for Allah is Good and Pure, and He accepts only what is good and pure.
The issue with the illegally and unlawfully accumulated money is not how best to spend it, but how soon can one rid himself of this illegal and unlawful wealth. His only intention in giving this money away should be to purify oneself and get rid of the evil that is with him. This illegal and unlawful money earned from interest can be compared to a burning coal in one’s hand! When one unintentionally and accidentally holds a burning coal, his only intention is to get rid of the burning coal from his hand; not where best to place it so that it can be of some benefit!
Your Question: But still one thing is not clear that if there are some needy muslims and also non-muslims family around there, then is it permissible to give that interest amount to that muslim family as well as non-muslim family.
As long as one fears Allah, and gives away the unlawfully earned amount only to purify themselves from the evil wealth, one may give that amount to whomever or wherever one wills and pleases, for charity given from unlawfully earned wealth has absolutely no credit or merit or weight in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.
Your Question: Is it necessary to tell them that this money came from interest.
One is not obliged or required in Shariah to reveal the source of one’s funds given in charity even when the funds are from lawful sources….and there is definitely no obligation or requirement to reveal the source of one’s unlawful funds when one intends to dispose it!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,