Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Actually I had sent you a mail earlier regarding performing hajj e badal for my deceased parents & I was told by one of my relative that it is not permissible. Now that when I forward your reply to my relative I got a reply as mentioned below. Please can you answer the mail as iam not much aware of the hadees.
Please help me in finding the right answer.
askm according 2 quranic verses the hadees of ibn abbas doesnt look right . quran ke jo aayat aap bheje wo hadees se takrare. wo zaeef hadeef hai. also ask dr.naik. bukhari sharif me bhi zaeef hadees hai. sahi hadees ko follow karo jo quran se milte hain .jo quran se nahi milte wo hadees zaeef hai. usko chod do. khuda hafiz.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Hajj badl permissible
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.418 Narrated by Ibn Abbas
A woman came to the Prophet (saws) and said, "My mother vowed to perform the Hajj but she died before performing it. Should I perform the Hajj on her behalf?" He (saws) said, "Yes! Perform the Hajj on her behalf. See, if your mother had been in debt, would you have paid her debt?" She said, "Yes." He (saws) said, "So you should pay what is for Him, as Allah has more right that one should fulfill one's obligations to Him."
As much as we absolutely agree with your relative’s statement that any hadith which directly contradicts a Guidance from the Glorious Quran cannot be accepted as authentic, we assure you brother that the above quoted hadith by Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (r.a.) and recorded in Al-Bukhari is accepted as authentic by the scholars and doctors of hadith.
The noble companions of the Prophet (saws) of the stature of Abdullah ibn Abbas (r.a.), Zaid ibn Thabit (r.a.), Abu Hurairah (r.a.) and the scholars of the stature of Imam As-Shafei, Imam Malik, and At-Thawri have agreed in consensus that the Messenger of Allah (saws) allowed believers to perform Hajj on behalf of other believers.
There are several more narrations in the authentic records of hadith whereby it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah (saws) allowed hajj-e-badal for the deceased or for one who was unable to perform the hajj pilgrimage themselves. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1807 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas
The Prophet (saws) heard a man say: ‘Labbayk (always ready to obey) on behalf of Shubrumah.’ He (saws) asked: ‘Who is Shubrumah?’ He replied: ‘A brother (or relative) of mine.’ The Prophet (saws) asked: ‘Have you performed hajj on your own behalf?’ He said: ‘No.’ The Messenger of Allah (saws) then said: ‘Perform hajj on your own behalf, then perform it on behalf of Shubrumah.’
Sahih Muslim Hadith 2558 Narrated by Buraydah ibn al-Hasib
When we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (saws), a woman came to him (saws) and said: ‘I had gifted to my mother a maid-servant, and now she (the mother) has died.’ Thereupon he (the Prophet (saws)) said: ‘There is a definite reward for you and she (the maid servant) has been returned to you as an inheritance.’ She (that woman) again said: ‘Fasts of a month (of Ramadan) were due upon her; should I observe them on her behalf?’ He (the Prophet (saws)) said: ‘Observe fasts on her behalf.’ She (again) said: ‘She did not perform Hajj; should I perform it on her behalf?’ He (the Prophet (saws)) said: ‘Perform Hajj on her behalf.’
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.589 Narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas
Al-Fadl ibn Al-Abbas was riding behind Allah's Messenger (saws) and a woman from the tribe of Khath'am came. The woman said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! The obligation of Hajj enjoined by Allah on His devotees has become due on my father and he is old and weak, and he cannot sit firm on the mount; may I perform Hajj on his behalf?" The Prophet replied, "Yes, you may." That happened during the Hajj-al-Wida (of the Prophet (saws)).
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1806 Narrated by Abu Razin
A man of Banu Amir said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (saws), my father is very old, he cannot perform hajj and umrah himself nor can he ride on a mount.’ The Prophet (saws) said: ‘Perform hajj and umrah on behalf of your father.’
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,