Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I asked the same question from my known mufti so he declined that whether Eid comes on Friday we shall need to offer both prayers and if we do not offer jumma prayer that will be a kabeera sin.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Eid on Jumuah Friday
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1068 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
The Prophet (saws) said: ‘Two festivals (EId and Friday) have synchronized on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Jumuah prayer, the EId prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Jumuah prayer.’
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1066 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas
Ata` ibn AbuRabah said: ‘Ibn az-Zubayr (r.a.) led us in the EId prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Jumuah prayer, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas (r.a.) was present in at-Ta`if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He (Ibn Abbas (r.a.) said: ‘He (Ibn az-Zubair’ (r.a.) has followed the Sunnah.’
If the day of Eid happens to fall on a Friday, the Messenger of Allah (saws) has given an allowance to the believers that if one amongst them attends the Eid prayers and sermon, it would suffice for them and they are not obligated to attend the Jumuah sermon and prayers if they do not wish to do so.
Please do note that this is only an allowance and a concession, not a command! If one offers both the Eid as well as the Jumuah prayers, obviously one would be entitled to earn more rewards from their Lord Most Gracious.
The most that can be said of one who attends the Eid prayer and sermon and chooses to skip the Jumuah sermon and prayer is that one missed a great opportunity to earn extra rewards from their Lord.
After the Messenger of Allah (saws) has himself given the allowance and the concession to the believers who have attended the Eid prayers to skip the Jumuah prayers, to declare the skipping of Jumuah as a sin, leave alone a ‘kabeera’ or ‘grave sin’, would not be in accordance with the Guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws)!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,